20: Thyroid Cancer Patients Report Poor Quality of Life After Diagnosis and Treatment → Dr. Aschebrook and Dr. Grogan from UChicago Medicine
No thyroid = poor quality of life and depression (for many patients) The 5-year survival rate for invasive thyroid cancer is 97.9%, and the 10-year
18: Managing Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules, with Dr. Kimberly Vanderveen from Denver Center for Endocrine Surgery
Kimberly Vanderveen, MD is a Colorado native and graduate of Bear Creek High School in Lakewood, CO. She received her bachelor’s degree with honors from Muhlenberg College in Allentown, PA. She then earned her medical degree from Northwestern University in Chicago, IL in 2001.
In this episode, the following topics are discussed:
* Two roads of tests: rule out and malignant markers
* Rule-out tests picks up innocent behavior pattern. Most common is Afirma
* Malignant markers, or rule-in tests, are useful at determining extent of surgery, and help avoid a second or third surgery. ThyroSeq, ThyraMIR, Rosetta
* Do patients get both tests? Rule out and behavior?
* Approximately 15% of FNA’s come back indeterminate. Some centers as high as 30%
* Managing indeterminate nodules when a patient chooses no surgery.
* Taking into account emotional, financial, and lifestyle goals of the patient.
17: Treating Thyroid Patients For 40 Years ⇒ Lessons Learned from Two Patients, with Dr. Elaine Kaptein from USC
In this interview, Dr. Kaptein discusses the need to consider each patient before making treatment decisions. In some cases, this may mean foregoing the removal of cancerous lymph nodes.
16: Hypothyroidism⎥Weight Gain, Fatigue, and Sluggishness, with Dr. Alan Farwell from Boston Medical Center
Thyroid surgery and RAI sometimes results in hypothyroidism
Most common cause is Hashimoto’s disease
Weight gain, dry skin, constipation
Very few symptoms unique to hypothyroidism
Sleep apnea and being tired all of the time and weight gain.
Brain fog and difficulty concentrating
Blood tests diagnose hypothyroidism based on TSH levels, when elevated means it is not working too well.
Explaining TSH in laymen’s terms
Normal TSH in the U.S. is .3 to 3.5
Treating for feel rather than a number
People with elevated TSH have many of the hypothyroid symptoms, but people with normal TSH levels may also have hypothyroid symptoms
15: Cancer Phobia?⎥Don’t Sacrifice Your Thyroid, with Dr. José A. Hakim – Hospital Universitario Santa Fe de Bogotá
No todos los cánceres de tiroides deben ser operados.
No todos los nódulos tiroideos deben ser biopsiados.
La mitad de la población tiene nódulos tiroideos. El 10% de esos nódulos tienen cáncer. En Colombia, 2,5 millones de personas tienen cáncer de tiroides. 15 millones de personas tienen cáncer de tiroides en los Estados Unidos, y lo más probable es que no lo sepan.
Los estudios muestran que el 30% de los cadáveres tienen nódulos tiroideos con cáncer.
Comprender las repercusiones de hacer una biopsia. Si se trata de un nódulo que no requiere cirugía, incluso si es cáncer, decirle a un paciente esto a veces hace más daño en la forma de estrés emocional que lo que es necesario.
14: Regarding Thyroid Cancer, Are You a Minimalist or a Maximalist? with Dr. Michael Tuttle from Sloan Kettering
Regarding Thyroid Cancer, Are You a Minimalist or a Maximalist?
Often, surgery is not necessary to treat thyroid cancer, but much of the decision will depend on the patient characteristic.
During this interview, Dr. Tuttle discusses the following points:
Challenges of managing thyroid cancer as outlined by the guidelines
Scaling back care for insurance-challenged patients, and adopting a plan that gets the same result without needing the expensive tests
Desired outcome is survival and no recurrence, a third is for no harm that would be caused by an unnecessary surgery
Unwanted side affects of thyroid cancer include nerve damage, parathyroid damage, and infections