In this episode, we visit with Carla. She had thyroid cancer surgery. During the interview, we discuss: * 50 biopsies of the first nodule * 5 cm nodule * Biopsies * RAI * Weight gain * Support from family
During this episode, the following topics are discussed: 1. Financial burden of surgery versus total cost of active surveillance over ten years. 2. Stretching Exercises for Neck 3. Setting patient expectations prior to FNA to manage anxiety 4. When the laryngeal nerve is severed during thyroid surgery, it can and should be repaired, with proper surgeon skill and training. 5. The most common question asked to Dr. Miyauchi by surgeons from around the world.
Bryan McIver, MD, PhD Dr. McIver contributes to Moffitt Cancer Center almost 20 years of clinical experience in the care of patients with endocrine diseases, specializing in the evaluation of patients with thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer. He has a particular interest in the management of patients with advanced and aggressive forms of cancer and the role of genetic and molecular techniques to improve the accuracy of diagnosis. Most nodules are benign When to do a biopsy How to interpret the results of biopsy Advances in thyroid cancer Ultrasound technology advancements Molecular markers Cytopathology categorizations Molecular marker technologies Gene expression classifier
In this interview, Dr. Kaptein discusses the need to consider each patient before making treatment decisions. In some cases, this may mean foregoing the removal of cancerous lymph nodes.
Dr. Bridget Brady is Austin's first fellowship-trained endocrine surgeon. In this episode the following topics are discussed: Austin Thyroid Surgeons sees 30 patients per week with thyroid nodules Up to 80% of US population could have a thyroid nodule(s) less than 5% of Dr Brady's thyroid nodule patients test positive for cancer How relevant is what I don’t know won’t hurt me in thyroid cancer and biopsies of nodules? BETHESDA system or the middle category, also known as indeterminate For thyroid nodules that are indeterminate, historically a surgery would be performed With molecular testing, surgery can be decreased by up to 50% Afirma molecular testing uses messenger RNA If Afirma comes back suspicious it does NOT necessarily mean it is cancer
* Imaging has increased thyroid nodule discovery. * Following patients with small thyroid cancer ? analogous to prostate cancer. Better followed than treated. * Tiny thyroid cancers can be defined by those nodules less than 1/4 inch in size. * Less RAI is being used as a part of thyroid cancer treatment. This means, less need to do total thyroidectomy or thyroid lobectomy. * Dry mouth and dry eyes are risks to doing RAI. Also, there is risk to developing a second malignancy. Most of the secondary cancers are leukemia. * Risks to operation include changes to voice and calcium levels. Thyroid surgery is a safe operation but not risk free. * Best question for a patient to ask is, who is my treatment team?
Dr. Shaha specializes in head and neck surgery, with a particular interest in thyroid and parathyroid surgery. He uses an algorithm of selective thyroid tumor criteria (the size, location, stage and type of cancer, along with the patient's age), to tailor therapy to each individual's circumstances. In this interview, topics include: * The first question a surgeon should ask and why. * When talking active surveillance or observation, changing the language to deferred intervention, 'we are going to defer'. * Understanding the biology of the cancer * The biology of thyroid cancer is a friendly cancer.
Regarding Thyroid Cancer, Are You a Minimalist or a Maximalist? Often, surgery is not necessary to treat thyroid cancer, but much of the decision will depend on the patient characteristic. During this interview, Dr. Tuttle discusses the following points: Challenges of managing thyroid cancer as outlined by the guidelines Scaling back care for insurance-challenged patients, and adopting a plan that gets the same result without needing the expensive tests Desired outcome is survival and no recurrence, a third is for no harm that would be caused by an unnecessary surgery Unwanted side affects of thyroid cancer include nerve damage, parathyroid damage, and infections
In this episode, topics include: * Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism during pregnancy * Pregnant and without a thyroid * Avoiding T3 during pregnancy, including concerns with desiccated thyroid * If being treated for hypothyroidism already, the importance of upping dose while pregnant * Pregnant with auto-immunity * Pregnant with Graves' disease * The dangers of pregnancy and overt hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism
Dr. Özer Makay is an expert in nerve monitoring during thyroid surgery, and has been a guest faculty member in South Korea, Italy, France, the Netherlands, Germany, Belgium and Bulgaria. This episode covers the following topics: * Protecting the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and superior laryngeal nerve during thyroid surgery. * Outcomes of damaging these nerves during surgery include no voice, hoarseness, shortness of breath, problem with drinking water or aspiration, impaired physical exertion with something as simple as climbing a flight of stairs. * Why some centers have a higher occurrence of damage during thyroid surgery and include an error rate as high as 10% * The cause of the damaged nerve include stretching or traction, and cutting or stitching. * How to reduce risk. * Is it possible to reattach a cut nerve?