Episode Archive

Endocrine

48: Innovaciones en el Tratamiento del Cáncer de Tiroides, con el Dr. Hernán Tala desde Santiago, Chile

Dr. Hernán Tala es endocrinólogo de la Clinica Alemana en Santiago, Chile. Su area especialidad incluye cáncer de tiroides avanzado, endocrinologia general, y enfermedades tiroides.
Los temas presentados incluyen:
* Una mejor comprensión de la biología del cáncer de tiroides, y que no todo el cáncer de tiroides es igual. La enfermedad es única en cada paciente.
* La importancia de entender el perfil del cáncer en cada paciente.
* Diagnóstico del nódulo.
* Perfil molecular del nódulo tiroideo.
* Una pausa en la exploración universal del cáncer de tiroides.
* Vigilancia activa

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Podcast

47: Treatment of Thyroid Cancer in Japan, with Dr. Takahiro Okamoto from Tokyo Women’s Medical University

A different approach to treating thyroid cancer compared to the U.S.

Dr. Takahiro Okamoto helped write the Japanese guidelines on thyroid cancer.  He is Professor & Chair of the Department of Surgery at Tokyo Women’s Medical University. 
Key points from this episode include:
* Most Western countries carry out total thyroidectomies, whereas in Japan, the approach is more conservative with a fundamental practice of hemithyroidectomy whenever possible.
* By not doing a total thyroidectomy, this allows the patient to not avoid taking thyroid replacement medication.
* Complete thyroidectomy is conducted when 80-90% of lymph nodes have metastasis.
* I-131 treatment is decreasing despite cases of cancer increasing
* For I-131 treatment, patients wait more than 6 months post surgery.
* When receving I-131 treatment, patients be admitted to hospital for several days.
* TSH suppression therapy is common in Western countries, whereas in Japan, measures are taken to avoid TSH suppression by not removing all of the thyroid.
* Normal TSH in Japan is 4.3 or less.

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Podcast

46: Nerve Monitoring During Thyroid Surgery, with Dr. Özer Makay from Ege University – Turkey

Dr. Özer Makay is an expert in nerve monitoring during thyroid surgery, and has been a guest faculty member in South Korea, Italy, France, the Netherlands, Germany, Belgium and Bulgaria. 

This episode covers the following topics:
* Protecting the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and superior laryngeal nerve during thyroid surgery.
* Outcomes of damaging these nerves during surgery include no voice, hoarseness, shortness of breath, problem with drinking water or aspiration, impaired physical exertion with something as simple as climbing a flight of stairs.
* Why some centers have a higher occurrence of damage during thyroid surgery and include an error rate as high as 10%
* The cause of the damaged nerve include stretching or traction, and cutting or stitching.
* How to reduce risk.
* Is it possible to reattach a cut nerve?

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Endocrine

45: Hipotiroidismo – Causas, Síntomas, y Exámenes. Con la Dra. Gabriela Brenta de Buenos Aires

Hipotiroidismo: el tratamiento, pronóstico, posibles complicaciones, y cuándo contactar a un médico.
La tiroides produce hormonas que controlan la forma como cada célula en el cuerpo usa la energía. Este proceso se denomina metabolismo.
Hipotiroidismo es una afección en la cual la glándula tiroides no produce suficiente hormona tiroidea. Esta afección a menudo se llama tiroides hipoactiva.

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Español

44: Cáncer de Tiroides, con la Dra Ines Califano de Universidad de Buenos Aires

Cáncer de Tiroides, con la Dra Ines Califano de Universidad de Buenos Aires
Reduzca la ansiedad durante el tratamiento del cáncer de tiroides
En esta entrevista, discutimos lo siguiente:
1. ¿Qué es un nódulo?
2. ¿Qué sucede durante ecografia?
3. ¿Qué sucede durante la oja fina?
4. Si es cáncer, ¿siempre hace la cirugía?
5. Si no es cáncer, ¿algunas veces hace cirugía?

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Podcast

43: A Summary of Radioactive Iodine Treatment for Thyroid Cancer, with Dr. Alan Waxman from Cedars Sinai

Not all thyroid cancer patients who receive a thyroidectomy require radioactive iodine, but for those whose cancer maybe more aggressive and spread beyond the thyroid area, often radioactive iodine (RAI) is protocol.
RAI treatment may vary depending on the hospital.
In this interview, Dr. Alan Waxman explains what occurs leading up to, during, and after RAI. Topics discussed include:
If staying at the hospital after taking RAI, how long is the stay required?
Should you go home after RAI?
What is the benefit of staying overnight at the hospital when receiving RAI?
Worldwide trends toward prescribing lower doses of RAI.
Is there risk in RAI causing leukemia?

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