Doctor Interviews

Podcast
Philip James

43: A Summary of Radioactive Iodine Treatment for Thyroid Cancer, with Dr. Alan Waxman from Cedars Sinai

Not all thyroid cancer patients who receive a thyroidectomy require radioactive iodine, but for those whose cancer maybe more aggressive and spread beyond the thyroid area, often radioactive iodine (RAI) is protocol.
RAI treatment may vary depending on the hospital.
In this interview, Dr. Alan Waxman explains what occurs leading up to, during, and after RAI. Topics discussed include:
If staying at the hospital after taking RAI, how long is the stay required?
Should you go home after RAI?
What is the benefit of staying overnight at the hospital when receiving RAI?
Worldwide trends toward prescribing lower doses of RAI.
Is there risk in RAI causing leukemia?

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Endocrine
Philip James

42: Flame Retardants Connected to Thyroid Cancer, with Dr. Julie Ann Sosa from Duke University

This is an in depth discussion about the connection between flame retardants and plastics, and thyroid cancer.  These chemicals, also known as endocrine disruptors, have a clear connection to thyroid cancer occurrence.
The research is presented by Julie Ann Sosa, MD MA FACS is Chief of Endocrine Surgery at Duke University and leader of the endocrine neoplasia diseases group in the Duke Cancer Institute and the Duke Clinical Research Institute. She is Professor of Surgery and Medicine. Her clinical interest is in endocrine surgery, with a focus in thyroid cancer. 

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Pathology
Philip James

41: Molecular Profiling and Unnecessary Thyroid Surgeries with Jennifer Kuo from Columbia University

One-third of all thyroid nodule fine needle aspirations come back indeterminate. When surgery is performed on these cases, pathology of the thyroid reveals that many times the nodule is benign.  Through molecular profiling, patients with indeterminate thyroid nodules, can now avoid unnecessary surgery and get more accurate pathology results from the fine needle aspiration.
Are you a patient and your doctor has said your thyroid nodule is indeterminate and is recommending surgery as an option?  The key is, to confirm that molecular profiling was performed.   
Jennifer Kuo, MD is Director of the Thyroid Biopsy Program, Director of the Endocrine Surgery Research Program, and Instructor in Surgery, at the Columbia University Medical Center. 

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Podcast
Philip James

40: New Research Reveals Thyroid Surgery Errors 5x More Frequent Than Reported with Dr. Maria Papaleontiou from Michigan Medicine

Scheduled to publish next month, the statistics show thyroid surgery much less safe than thought.
The findings that 12% of patients overall had thyroid surgery specific complications is concerning, but more concerning is surgeons quote a 1 to 3 percent rate of error.
In the case of surgery for metastatic thyroid cancer, the error rate skyrockets to 23%.
Dr. Maria Papaleontiou is an Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine with an appointment in the Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology and Diabetes.

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Endocrine
Philip James

39: Thyroid Cancer Web Sites Confuse Patients with Dr. Rashika Bansal from St. Joseph’s Regional Medical Center

In this episode Dr. Bansal shares the research she presented at AACE 2017 and ENDO 2017, regarding the poor readability scores for thyroid cancer web sites.

The challenge for these web sites and health institutions is to translate thyroid education from complex to simple and easy to understand. Currently, many patients are not following up with treatment, citing confusion after being exposed to the various thyroid cancer education resources.

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Podcast
Philip James

38: Thyroid Surgery? Be Careful, Not All Surgeons Are Equal and Here is Why with Dr. Ralph P. Tufano from Johns Hopkins School of Medicine

If you select carefully, the unwanted errors of thyroid surgery can be avoided.
Dr. Ralph P. Tufano is the Director of the Division of Head and Neck Endocrine Surgery at The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, and conducts thyroid and parathyroid surgery with a focus on optimizing outcomes.
In this interview, items discussed include:
* the emotional burden of being diagnosed with cancer and the haste that sometimes follows
* the unnecessary damage of thyroid surgery, including the cutting of the laryngeal nerve resulting in vocal cord paralysis, low calcium levels and a need to supplement calcium and Vitamin D for life, and leaving residual disease behind
* knowing your risk factor and finding the right medical team to address it

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