Doctor Interviews

Endocrine

61: Drug Resistant Thyroid Cancer, with Dr. Carmelo Nucera from Harvard Medical School

Carmelo Nucera, M.D., Ph.D., is currently an Assistant Professor at Harvard Medical School, Boston, in the Division of Cancer Biology and Angiogenesis (Department of Pathology), Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. Dr. Nucera received his M.D. and Ph.D. in Experimental Endocrinology and Metabolism from Italy.
In this episode, Dr. Nucera discusses a combination drug therapy using vemurafenib and palbociclib represents a novel therapeutic strategy to treat papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). 

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Endocrine

60: Pregnancy and Thyroid⎥Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism, with Dr. Angela Leung from UCLA

In this episode, the following topics are explained:
* Optimizing thyroid health prior to conception
* Thyroid issues that affect pregnancy
* Hypothyroid as result of surgery or Hashimotos
* Hyperthyroidism and pregnancy
* Adjusting current thyroid treatment, meaning optimizing thyroid levels by adjusting dosage of thyroid medication
* TSH levels in light of pregnancy
* Planned pregnancy usually means a dose increase

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Endocrine

59: No Biopsia es 100% Exacta⎥Exámenes Moleculares son los Mejores, con Dr. Paul Y. Casanova

Dr. Paul Y. Casanova-Romero, M.D., M.P.H., F.A.C.P., F.A.C.E, E.C.N.U, que se unió a Palm Beach Diabetes y Endocrine Specialists en 2012, recibió su grado médico con honores (Summa Cum Laude) y Doctor en Ciencias Médicas (DMSc), de la Universidad de Zulia, la Escuela de Medicina en Venezuela.
* ¿Cómo se identifican los nódulos y por qué ocurren? autoexamen o en la oficina del médico
* La mayoría de los nódulos son benignos pero ocurren porque en mas de 70% de la población
* ¿Qué tests puede realizar un médico para evaluar el nódulo?
* Ninguna test es 100%
* Ultrasonido – qué están buscando en general
* Que es ojo fina y el proceso general
* Tests moleculares
* ¿Qué tipos de resultados se pueden obtener de la citología y qué significan?
* La mayoria de ojo finas son benigno

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Pathology

58: No Biopsy is 100% Accurate⎥Molecular Testing Gets Close, with Dr. Bridget Brady from Austin Thyroid Surgeons

Dr. Bridget Brady is Austin’s first fellowship-trained endocrine surgeon.
In this episode the following topics are discussed:
Austin Thyroid Surgeons sees 30 patients per week with thyroid nodules
Up to 80% of US population could have a thyroid nodule(s)
less than 5% of Dr Brady’s thyroid nodule patients test positive for cancer
How relevant is what I don’t know won’t hurt me in thyroid cancer and biopsies of nodules?
BETHESDA system or the middle category, also known as indeterminate
For thyroid nodules that are indeterminate, historically a surgery would be performed 
With molecular testing, surgery can be decreased by up to 50%
Afirma molecular testing uses messenger RNA
If Afirma comes back suspicious it does NOT necessarily mean it is cancer

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Functional medicine

57: The Gut⎥Antibiotics Danger, Fixing Inflammation, and Thyroid Health, with Dr. Lisa Sardinia

Dr. Lisa Sardinia is an associate professor in the Pacific University Biology Department. In this episode we discuss:
Majority of antibiotics given to children under three are for upper respiratory issues, fact is antibiotics do not work for such issues
85% of antibiotics used are given to food sources, and released into the environment including soil and water
Danger of consuming emulsifiers
Cow’s milk
US has low gut diversity — more diversity means more resilience
Autism and gut connection
Resetting your gut microbiota by changing diet

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