22: Avoiding Thyroid Cancer Surgery, Depending on the Size with Dr. Miyauchi from Kuma Hospital in Kobe, Japan


You have been diagnosed with thyroid cancer, and choose no surgery. Although thyroid cancer diagnosis has spiked around the world, a trend is to pass on surgery if the cancer is identified as low risk. In doing so, mortality rate does not increase and it avoids unfavorable events sometimes related to surgery, such as vocal chord paralysis, hypothyroidsm, financial costs, and lifelong thyroid hormone treatment.
In this episode, we visit with Dr. hypothyroidism, a pioneer in prescribing active surveillance in place of immediate surgery.

64: Managing Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules, with Dr. Kimberly Vanderveen from Denver Center for Endocrine Surgery


Kimberly Vanderveen, MD is a Colorado native and graduate of Bear Creek High School in Lakewood, CO. She received her bachelor’s degree with honors from Muhlenberg College in Allentown, PA. She then earned her medical degree from Northwestern University in Chicago, IL in 2001.
In this episode, the following topics are discussed:
* Two roads of tests: rule out and malignant markers
* Rule-out tests picks up innocent behavior pattern. Most common is Afirma
* Malignant markers, or rule-in tests, are useful at determining extent of surgery, and help avoid a second or third surgery. ThyroSeq, ThyraMIR, Rosetta
* Do patients get both tests? Rule out and behavior?
* Approximately 15% of FNA’s come back indeterminate. Some centers as high as 30%
* Managing indeterminate nodules when a patient chooses no surgery.
* Taking into account emotional, financial, and lifestyle goals of the patient.

50: Regarding Thyroid Cancer, Are You a Minimalist or a Maximalist? with Dr. Michael Tuttle from Sloan Kettering


Regarding Thyroid Cancer, Are You a Minimalist or a Maximalist?
Often, surgery is not necessary to treat thyroid cancer, but much of the decision will depend on the patient characteristic.
During this interview, Dr. Tuttle discusses the following points:
Challenges of managing thyroid cancer as outlined by the guidelines
Scaling back care for insurance-challenged patients, and adopting a plan that gets the same result without needing the expensive tests
Desired outcome is survival and no recurrence, a third is for no harm that would be caused by an unnecessary surgery
Unwanted side affects of thyroid cancer include nerve damage, parathyroid damage, and infections

36: 1 in 3 People Die With Thyroid Cancer — Not From with Dr. Seth Landefeld from UAB


1 in 3 People Die With Thyroid Cancer
The USPSTF upholds its 1996 recommendation against screening for thyroid cancer among asymptomatic adults.

The USPSTF commissioned the systematic review due to the rising incidence of thyroid cancers against a background of stable mortality, which is suggestive of over-treatment. And in view of the results, the task force concluded with “moderate certainty” that the harms outweigh the benefits of screening.